The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (version 2 dramatic reading)
Mark TWAIN (1835 – 1910)
Growing up on the banks of the Mississippi river, a mischievous boy named Tom Sawyer spends his days getting into one scrape after another. Tom’s constant cleverness, superstition, trickery, and daring make him a handful to raise, and his Aunt Polly declares that she has “never seen the beat of that boy!” Tom is essentially good-hearted, however, but when he is witness to a horrible crime, his courage and integrity are tested beyond anything he ever expected. A note to parents: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is considered a children’s classic, but contains racial slurs which, although “acceptable” in the time and place of the story’s setting, will likely offend modern listeners. (Summary by Eden Rea-Hedrick)
Cast Narrator: Bob Neufeld Aunt Polly: Elizabeth Klett Tom Sawyer/First Young Lady: Eden Rea-Hedrick Cousin Sid: Tim Nelson Alfred Temple: Elliot Gage Jim: Kevin W. Davidson Ben Rogers: Frances Brown Cousin Mary/Mrs. Harper: Arielle Lipshaw Billy/Grace Miller/Little Boy: Haili Mr. Walters: bala Joe Harper: Monika M.C. Judge Thatcher/Reverend Sprague/Mr. Jones: nomorejeffs Mrs. Thatcher: Libby Gohn Huckleberry Finn: Tricia G Mr. Dobbins: tovarisch Becky Thatcher/Dr. Robinson/The Sheriff: Amanda Friday Muff Potter: Todd Jenken Injun Joe: weirdone30 Mary Austin: Bethany Baldwin Sally Rogers/Susy Harper: Victoria P Little Girl/Third Young Lady: ElleyKat Second Young Lady: Sarah Parshall Prosecutor: Maria Therese Muff Potter’s Lawyer: Beth Thomas Injun Joe’s Comrade: Kristin Gjerløw Widow Douglas: Abigail Rasmussen
Audio edited by Michele Fry, Grace, Kimberly Krause, Piotr Nater, Eden Rea-Hedrick
Genre(s): Dramatic Readings
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iPhone 9 is set to launch in India soon, and it will be available at a cheaper price than other premium priced flagships in the same segment. iPhone 9 testing is complete, and is ready to hit the markets.
iPhone 9 will come with the specs and features as iPhone 11, but at a cheaper price tag.
Said to be a rip-off as iPhone SE, the iPhone 9 will target the entry premium market with similar specs as the current iPhone 11. According to the reports, iPhone 9 is set to launch officially in India and other markets very soon.
iPhone 9 India Launch, Specs: The iPhone SE 2?
There has been numerous rumours about iPhone SE 2, and it’s ready to be unveiled. But it will launch as iPhone 9 as the rumours, and not as iPhone SE 2. The renders hint at as similar features as iPhone 11, sporting a 4.7-inch display with an iPhone 8 like design.
iPhone 9 will have a single camera inside the circular module as on iPhone 8.
The device will come with a single main camera, probably the 12-megapixel camera as the current iPhone 11 series. Up front, iPhone 9 will have a thick bezels on both sides with a physical home button, same as iPhone 8.
iPhone 9 will basically offer a refreshed experience with the same body and design. iPhone SE worked well in some segments and markets, and Apple will target such consumers who don’t like notches or the new Apple design.
The company altered the design completely with iPhone 6 series, and later brought back the same with iPhone SE featuring latest internals. There are people who still want smaller sized iPhones, and that made the iPhone SE a hit.
The company will again follow a similar route with the same strategy for the iPhone 9, this time with the iPhone 8 design.
It was iPhone 8 with which the company adopted a completely glass body build, and thus iPhone 9 will feature a glass sandwich body.
The company again shifted to a new design starting with iPhone X and the iPhone 11 series. The iPhone SE 2 Apple will just fill in the gap here, and will target users who want to upgrade to a new iPhone, but want the same iPhone 7-like design.
The upcoming iPhone 9 is expected to be powered by the latest Apple A13 Bionic chip with a 12-megapixel main camera as a single rear sensor and the same front-facing camera. The display will be the same 4.7-inch LCD display, the one being used for iPhone 8.
iPhone 9 Price In India: To Cost Cheaper Than OnePlus 7T
While there’s already a lot out in the air, nothing officially has been confirmed by the company. Apple has given out hint in the past, but nothing has happened ever since. Apple will launch iPhone 9 in 2020, probably in a few weeks.
Coming to iPhone 9 price in India, iPhone 9 may work well in India in the entry premium segment. iPhone SE 2 India price is expected to start at around Rs 30,000 to Rs 35,000.
The leaks show two variants: one with 64GB storage at $399 (around Rs 28,000 and a 128GB storage at $449 (around Rs 32,000).
iPhone 9 launch is hinted in the coming few weeks, likely before Apple’s WWDC 2020. The WWDC event will happen in June, so the iPhone 9 India launch is expected sometime before it, safe to assume a six to eight weeks timeline from now.
What would you sacrifice to witness this sunrise everyday?
Welcome to Chitkul!
Chitkul located at an altitude of 3423m and also known as “the last village of India”, is a nice place to visit in Himachal Pradesh. It’s popular for its mountains, nature and trekking. Chitkul is visited by most people in the months of April, May, June and October. It’s medium popularity. Getting more and more popular with time.
Chitkul is said to be the last inhabited village within the Indian boundaries on the old Indo-Tibetan Road. Situated at the height of 3450 meters, the village is located at a distance of 28 km from Sangla, about 600 kilometres from Delhi in the Kinnaur Valley. It is like a doorway which opens into an exquisite landscape of breathtaking beauty and a serene environment. There are orchids, mountains, meadows, huge rocks, river, jungle, and grasslands in the village with the help of which it has made a unique identity for itself. A drive to the Chitkul village is pleasant. One can go for trekking in the forest as well and a wildlife sanctuary for all the wildlife as well as nature lovers out there.The journey to Chitkul is altogether different experience in itself. It is sparsely populated with as many as 600 locals who are warm, loving and extremely hospitable towards the tourists. While travelling to the valley, you will see River Baspa on your right and on the way you will also pass through the Rakcham village which is commonly known as the model village of the region. Numerous campsites are situated within the apple gardens by the side of the Baspa River.
This little village is a must-visit place, and one should stay for at least a day here as the landscape keeps you magnetised all the time. It is a perfect place to spend some time off from the busy lives and the monotonous routines in the realm of natural beauty.
Best Time to Visit Chitkul – Chitkul Weather
Now, it depends on what exactly you would like to experience in Chitkul. Depending on the choice between snow-capped mountains or free-flowing Baspar river you can make the decision. Below, I will give you how each of the season feels.
Summers in Chitkul
The summers in Chitkul is not like you will start feeling hot and sweaty. During this time, weather is still very cold and you must wear 2-3 layers during this time as well, however, during the months of May to September all the hotels are open and the river Baspa is not frozen. So you can see a beautiful blue coloured river flowing freely underneath the mountains. Although most of the snow in this season melts and you will only see snow on the top of the distant mountain peaks. But the entire valley is very beautiful. Sitting in the open and soaking in the sun is an experience in itself during this time.
Winters in Chitkul
During this season, the entire valley is decorated in white. It is so cold during this season that rarely any hotels or homestays are operating. Water is frozen so for showers and washing face, you will only get water in buckets. Further, river Baspa is also frozen, like Chadar in Ladakh
Although many travellers specially visit Chitkul to see the white fairyland despite its harsh weather and strict environment
How to Reach from Delhi to Chitkul
In this blog, I will talk IN DETAIL about how you can reach from Delhi to Chitkul and as well as from Reckong Peo. There is also a bus from Shimla that drops you directly to Chitkul. The bus leaves at 6 AM from Shimla and costs about INR 450/-.
Delhi to Chitkul By Air
If you are coming from far away states then the nearest airport for you will be Shimla, however, do check the flights till Delhi and Chandigarh before booking as the chances are the flight to Delhi might be cheaper than the flight to Shimla due to high frequency.
More on how you can reach from Delhi, Chandigarh, and Shimla to Chitkul below.
Delhi to Chitkul By Train
Shimla is the nearest Railway station to Chitkul. More on how you can reach from Shimla to Chitkul below.
Chitkul By Bus or Public Transport
You can easily take an HRTC bus from Delhi, Chandigarh or Shimla to Chitkul. You can either reach directly to Sangla which is a closer place to Chitkul. Or reach Reckong Peo first, explore Kalpa and then move to Chitkul. I am talking about all the possible bus routes in detail below.
Delhi to Chitkul + Chandigarh to Chitkul
Take an overnight HRTC bus from Delhi to Chandigarh that leaves at 8 PM from ISBT Kashmiri Gate. The next morning, get down at Chandigarh and take a deluxe bus that leaves in the evening at 5:50 PM, 6 PM and 7 PM for Reckong Peo
While reaching Reckong Peo, a bus stand by the name Karcham comes half an hour before the Reckong Peo bus stand. Get down here and take another bus to Chitkul from Karcham
Delhi to Chitkul + Shimla to Chitkul
There are many overnight buses that leave for Shimla from ISBT Kashmiri Gate of Delhi. If you want to reach Chitkul directly, instead of getting down at Karcham as mentioned above, reaching Shimla would be the best option from where a bus leaves at 6 AM every day for Chitkul and costs about INR 450/-
Reckong Peo to Chitkul
In this section, I will talk about two route options. One will be on how you can reach from Reckong Peo directly and the other one is just a piece of additional information in case you miss your bus (like we did).
There are several ordinary buses that leave from Reckong Peo bus stand. I am listing down their timings below –
9.30 AM – to Chitkul
12 PM – to Chitkul
4 PM – to Rakcham
However, if you miss the bus, another option can be to take a bus to Karcham. There are continuous buses that leave for Karcham from Peo bus stand. From Karcham, you can take a bus/cab or hitchhike.
Sangla to Chitkul
If you chose to stay in Sangla then you can easily go for a day tour to Chitkul from Sangla. Sangla is far more convenient for reaching Chitkul. The bus runs daily and the last bus to return to Sangla from Chitkul is at 3:30 PM.
Chitkul to Reckong Peo
Now from Chitkul, there are two buses that leave for Peo. These buses cross Sangla as well, so you can shift the timings by an hour. The departure time from Chitkul is 12 PM and 2 PM. Hence from Sangla, these buses will leave at 1 PM and 3 PM respectively.
However, we wanted to spend a little more time and decided on an alternate option –
If you want to reach Chandigarh directly from Chitkul, there is a bus that leaves at 4 PM from Chitkul
An Alternate to Reckong Peo
If you miss the 12 PM or 2 PM bus there is another way to reach Reckong Peo. You can also take a bus that leaves at 4 PM from Chitkul to Chandigarh. This bus will drop you at the midpoint which is Karcham. From Karcham there are frequent buses to Peo (almost every half an hour). You can take the bus then from Karcham to Peo. Getting a bus from Karcham will not be an issue.
Road Conditions in Chitkul
The roads to Shimla are excellent. Of course, once you cross Chandigarh the zig-zag and twist and turns start, however, the roads are in a good condition during most of the journey. But, be prepared to witness some scary sight. The valleys are so deep that looking out the window once you enter Kinnaur is scary. The roads in Kinnaur is considered one of the most dangerous roads in India, and it is not for faint hearts. This road has been literally carved out of rocks and there are sharp blind turns, due to which accidents are often reported from this region.
However, our HRTC bus drivers are extremely trained and champions to drive on such roads. You can trust them
3 Days Itinerary of Chitkul
Below I am giving you the itinerary you can follow. Of course, you can tweak it as per your preference. But it will also give you a fair idea of what all you can see in these places.
Day 1 – Reach Batseri
On this day, reach Batseri and explore the places in Batseri. Batseri is a very small village of Sangla Valley. The village lies to the left of the river Baspa and to reach here you have to come down through the road in a valley and cross bridges. The place has such peaceful rural vibes and a very clean environment. Over here, you can visit Badrinarayan temple (carved out of woods) and stroll around the village to get Kinnauri vibes, soak in the beauty of river Baspa and have a chit chat with the locals who are very down to Earth.
Day 2 – Visit Chitkul
Today, leave for Chitkul. You can either catch the bus that reaches Batseri at 12 PM or take a direct cab for Chitkul. It will take an hour to reach Chitkul and as soon as you reach this place you will be surprised by the sheer magnitude of its beauty. Enjoy a cup of tea in the last dhaba of India, go near the Baspa rivers and get perfect mountain shots, visit the Mathi temple and also have lunch here. Lunch in the mountains with tea is fantastic and if you can enjoy your food with the view there is no better feeling than this.
After this, you can either come back to Batseri or stay in Chitkul.
Day 3 – Visit Sangla
Today, go to Sangla with your bags itself. Why I am saying with the bags is because you will save a lot of time and can leave for Peo/Chandigarh directly from Sangla instead of coming back to Batseri.
Kamru Fort – In Sangla walk towards Kamru fort while enjoying the Sangla meadows. Kamru fort is dedicated to Hindu Goddess Kamakhya Devi, and to enter here you have to tie clothing around your waist, along with wearing a Kinnauri cap which the temple people will give you
Bering Nag Temple – Also visit the Bering Nag temple post this, that is devoted to Lord Jagas
Brelengi Gompa – Also go to this Buddhist monastery which is near the Sangla market itself
Hotels in Chitkul – Where to Stay
If you want a hotel in Chitkul, you can stay in Zostel, however, I chose to stay in the nearby village called Batseri, as it offered secluded views away from the tourists. In Batseri I stayed in Hotel Batseri that offers luxury stay and epic views of the valley. You can also get a hot shower, free wifi, and restaurant right inside the hotel.
It was one of the best places to stay because I get to witness the flowing river of Baspa right from my room with beautiful mountain peaks. The place was not only cozy but scenic.
Network Connectivity in Chitkul
Sangla and Batseri have good network connectivity except for Vodafone. Jio works the best and Vodafone does not work at all. Airtel’s performance is not that bad as well.
Further, once you start moving towards Chitkul there is no network connection at all. Only BSNL works here while the Internet even of BSNL does not work. You can only make/take calls.
ATMs and Petrol Pump in Chitkul
You would easily be able to find ATMs in Reckong Peo and then there is another one in Sangla. Other places do not have any ATMs, so do not forget to carry cash when you leave for these places.
Same is the case with petrol pumps. So ensure your tanks are full.
Where to Eat
Hindustan ka akhri dhaba (Last Dhaba of India) is a must do things in Chitkul. Although you will find many dhabas serving momos, thukpa, maggie and tea but do not miss out on Hindustan ka akhri dhaba.
If possible take your own cutlery and ask the shopkeepers to give you food in that instead of buying plastic. It is destroying the beauty of Chitkul as waste is being spread out in the mountains.
Hotels/Homestays – I would really suggest you stay in Hotel Batseri, at least for a day. It is really amazing. You can check out the prices here, however, if you are tight on a budget you will be able to find homestays for INR 500/-.
Bus Cost – Bus from Reckong Peo to Chitkul will cost less than INR 150/-. Buses are your best friend and the most budget-friendly partner to have during the trip
Food – There is a wide number of restaurants to choose from, especially in Reckong Peo and Kalpa. A meal cost somewhere around INR 150/-
What to Pack
Some of the essential things that you cannot forget on such trips are below. I am also giving links to some of them for your purchase
Thermal Inners: This should be your base layer and have a good quality thermal to wear for this one. Thermals trap your body heat and keep you warm. Further, they do not take that much space as well in your backpack
Gloves/Muffler/Woollen Cap: All these are essential. During winters it is important to keep your head covered. Avoid wearing woollen gloves during the snowfall season as it traps water.
Pairs of Woollen socks – I love the merino wools socks here. They are the best and keeps you warm
Trekking Shoes – They are essential as in the mountains walking can become tedious and in some places, you might have to hike
Tooth Paste/Tooth Brush
Day Pack Bag: You will be needing a small backpack whenever you are going out of your room to pack your essentials –
Raincover: For your backpacks make sure you have a rain cover if you are going during the monsoon season. If you have gadgets and electronic things and your backpack is not waterproof it can damage all your necessities –
Slippers: Do not forget to pack good slippers. For quick errands, you will not like to wear your shoes again and again
I hope the guide helps you in having a fantastic time in such a beautiful place. Do comment below in case of any questions, I love to chat
Carrots are an excellent source of vitamins, nutrients, and fiber. But you don’t have to eat carrots to receive these nutritional benefits. Drinking carrot juice is an easy way to add carrots to your diet. Here are eight reasons why you should add carrot juice to your diet.
Since carrot juice is filling and low in calories, substituting this juice and ditching sodas and other sugary beverages can help you drop pounds faster.
Carrot juice also increases bile secretion, which can increase metabolism — the rate at which your body converts energy into food. Bile is a fluid that breaks down fat. According to a studyTrusted Source from 2006, an increase in bile flow revved up the metabolism and increased weight loss in lab rats. It could produce a similar outcome in humans.
It’s often said that eating carrots is good for your eyes. It turns out there’s truth behind this claim. Carrot juice is a good source of beta-carotene, a type of vitamin A, which is one of the most powerful antioxidants.
Vitamin A helps protect the surface of the eye and contributes to strong vision. Drinking carrot juice can ward off various eye disorders, such as macular degeneration, cataracts, and blindness. Carrots also contain lutein, which is an antioxidant that protects the eye from damaging light. A 1994 Study Trusted Source found that lutein was linked to a reduced risk for macular degeneration, an eye disorder that causes vision loss.
If you have a history of skin problems, such as rashes or psoriasis, adding carrot juice to your diet may improve the appearance of your skin. Carrots contain vitamin C, which has healing properties. It helps skin recover faster from external wounds and trauma. Beta-carotene in carrots also reduces skin inflammation, which speeds the healing process.
A cold or the flu can stick around for one or two weeks, making it difficult (or impossible) to go to work or school. To strengthen your immune system and help your body fight off infections, add carrot juice to your daily diet and maintain your physical health.
Carrots contain antioxidants, which help your body fight free radicals, cell damage, and inflammation. Vitamin C in carrot juice also provides an immune system boost, helping you get through cold and flu season.
Cancer develops when abnormal cells form and multiply uncontrollably. Since antioxidants help stop cell damage, carrot juice may offer protection against various types of cancers.
In one Study Trusted Source, carrot juice extract used for 72 hours in the treatment of leukemia cells and non-tumor control cells induced cell death and stopped the progression of the disease. This suggests that carrots may contain effective bioactive chemicals for treating leukemia. Another Study Trusted Source of younger men found that a diet rich in beta-carotene may offer protection against prostate cancer.
If you’re having trouble controlling your cholesterol, or if you want to control your cholesterol without medication, consider adding carrot juice to your diet. As an excellent source of potassium, carrot juice can help you maintain a healthy cholesterol level. Lower cholesterol levels reduce your risk of heart disease and stroke. Talk to your doctor before stopping any prescription medications.
Drinking carrot juice is also beneficial during and after pregnancy because it’s full of calcium, folate, potassium, magnesium, and of course vitamin A. Calcium helps your fetus develop strong bones and cartilage, while folate prevents birth defects. According to the American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologists (ACOG), pregnant and breastfeeding women need 1,000 milligrams of calcium per day.
Vitamin C and vitamin A in carrot juice also act as powerful antioxidants in pregnancy. These vitamins protect both mother and fetus from free radicals, and give both an immune system boost that lower the risk of infections.
Beta-carotene in carrot juice may also improve cognitive function and reduce the risk of age-related memory problems and dementia. Oxidative stress is linked to brain cell damage and occurs when brain and nerve cells can’t regenerate. This weakens nerve signaling and reduces cognitive function. However, beta-carotene in carrots may strengthen brain function and improve memory. In one studyTrusted Source, workers who were exposed to lead were treated with 10 milligrams of beta-carotene over a 12-week period. The study found that after treatment, the group receiving beta-carotene had less oxidative stress.
While carrot juice has nutritional and health benefits, it’s important to drink in moderation. Fruit or vegetable juices contain little to no fiber, therefore they provide limited satiety and no bulk to the colon. Also, excessive intake of beta-carotene can potentially change the coloring of your skin. It’s this vitamin that gives carrot its orange color. If you eat or drink too many carrots or carrot juice, your skin may temporarily develop a slight yellowish or orange tint.
The benefits of carrots can’t be overstated. If you prefer to cook or eat raw carrots, you’ll benefit from more satiety from the fiber, which is ideal for weight management. But juicing your carrots may provide a bigger nutritional punch, plus it’s easier to absorb nutrients and antioxidants from juice. According to Stanford Health Care, it takes about five carrots to produce one cup of carrot juice.
From boosting your immune system to helping you hit your weight-loss goals, carrot juice can improve your physical and mental health.
We tell you some amazing health and beauty benefits of tomato juice that will convince you to add the colourful drink to your daily diet.
Tomato makes an indispensable part of the Indian and international cuisine. This beautiful red fruit not just adds a tangy flavour to innumerable delicacies but has several health and beauty benefits to offer. Not just tomato, but its juice is also nutrient-rich and low in calories and fat. So, if you are looking to lose weight, this drink is just for you. In fact, according to the book ‘Healing Foods’ by DK Publishing, one glass of tomato juice contains 74 percent of your recommended daily vitamin C intake. Other key vitamins include K, B1, B2, B3, B5 and B6 and minerals such as potassium, manganese and iron. If you haven’t known the many benefits of tomato juice yet, there is a chance you are missing out on something important and beneficial. We tell you some amazing health and beauty benefits of tomato juice that will convince you to add the colourful drink to your daily diet.
Health Benefits Of Tomato Juice
1. Super Antioxidant Properties One of the biggest selling features of tomato juice is its antioxidant properties. It is particularly rich in beta-carotene and lycopene, which are responsible for a tomato’s deep red colour, and has been linked to reduce the risk of developing heart diseases. These powerful antioxidants and phytonutrients defend your body from free radicals that cause damage to your cells.
One of the biggest selling features of tomato juice is its antioxidant properties
2. Helps Regularise Digestion Consuming juice regularly may help stimulate the bowel movement, further preventing constipation and boosting digestion. Tomato juice is rich in fibre and functions as a mild laxative that can help prevent constipation. Consumption of this juice can keep constipation at bay.
3. Helps Prevent Blood Clotting
The rich supply of phytonutrients found in tomatoes are known to prevent abnormal platelet cell clumping, which is beneficial for those who are at a risk of heart conditions. You can include it in your daily diet in the form of lunch and dinner.
4. Heart-Friendly Tomatoes have a high amount of lycopene, vitamin C and E, and beta-carotene, all of which support heart health. Lycopene helps strengthen the walls of blood vessels and remove cholesterol from the blood.
Tomatoes have a high amount of lycopene, vitamin C and E, and beta-carotene
5. A Great Detoxifying Agent
Tomato juice works wonders in flushing out the toxin deposition from the body. Moreover, the presence of chlorine and sulphur content helps liver and kidneys to perform their detoxification function better. In fact, tomato juice is contains potassium, which reduces water retention, moreover, it helps the body remove fat-soluble toxins. (Also Read: How To Lose Water Weight? Fast And Effective Tips)
6. Lowers Cholesterol
The excess fibre content in the juice helps to break down LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol). The presence of niacin has also been found to have a beneficial impact on high cholesterol levels.
7. Boosts Eye-Health Tomato juice is loaded with phytonutrients like beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin along with vitamin C that are known to protect your eyes from eye problems like age-related macular degeneration and cataract.
Tomato juice is loaded with phytonutrients like beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin
8. Makes For A Great Workout Recovery
Tomato juice provides the perfect balance of chemicals to help your body recover from strenuous exercise. So, ditch the fizzy energy drinks and choose to drink the healing juice instead as it is loaded with a lot of health benefiting properties.
Note: Tomato juice is great for curing hangovers!
Beauty Benefits Of Tomato Juice
Tomato juice helps you in getting rid of tanning, counter discolouration of skin, helps in treating acne, shrinks open pores and regulates secretion of sebum in oily skin. Make sure you drink the juice daily in order to extract all the goodness from it. Other than that, the vitamins and iron content in tomato juice helps revive damaged, rough and lifeless hair.
Make the most of this yummy elixir that promotes health, good skin and beautiful tresses!
In a new study, a research team led by Björn Benneke, a professor at the Institute for Research on Exoplanets at the Université de Montréal, discovered water vapor and likely even raining clouds in the atmosphere of the exoplanet K2-18 b. (Image credit: Alex Boersma)
In a major first, scientists have detected water vapor and possibly even liquid water clouds that rain in the atmosphere of a strange exoplanet that lies in the habitable zone of its host star about 110 light-years from Earth.
A new study focuses on K2-18 b, an exoplanet discovered in 2015, orbits a red dwarf star close enough to receive about the same amount of radiation from its star as Earth does from our sun.
Previously, scientists have discovered gas giants that have water vapor in their atmospheres, but this is the least massive planet ever to have water vapor detected in its atmosphere. This new paper even goes so far as to suggest that the planet hosts clouds that rain liquid water.
“The water vapor detection was quite clear to us relatively early on,” lead author Björn Benneke, a professor at the Institute for Research on Exoplanets at the Université de Montréal, told Space.com in an interview. So he and his colleagues developed new analysis techniques to provide evidence that clouds made up of liquid water droplets likely exist on K2-18 b. “That’s in some ways the ‘holy grail’ of studying extrasolar planets … evidence of liquid water,” he said.
A weird world
Because this study has found evidence for liquid water and hydrogen in this exoplanet’s atmosphere and it lies within the habitable zone, there is a possibility that this world is habitable. Previous studies have found that other gases that are vital for life as we know it in hydrogen-rich atmospheres of certain planets.
Such studies have suggested that planets with hydrogen-rich atmospheres could host certain forms of life, Benneke said. However, K2-18 b’s large atmosphere is extremely thick and creates high-pressure conditions, which “likely prevents life as we know it from existing on the planet’s surface,” a news release reads.
So, while Benneke does not rule out the possibility that this exoplanet could, in theory, support some sort of life, there is “certainly not some animal crawling around on this planet,” Benneke said. This is especially true, given the fact that “there is nothing to crawl on,” because the planet doesn’t really have a surface, he added.
“Most of that planet, by volume, the vast majority is this gas envelope,” he said. As Benneke described, the planet is most likely some sort of core, potentially a rocky one, surrounded by a massive, hydrogen gas envelope that has some water vapor in it.
While these researchers found evidence for liquid water clouds on K2-18 b, because of its lack of surface, rain wouldn’t pool on the planet. As rainfall travels through the thick gas surrounding the planet’s core, it would become so warm that the water would evaporate back up into the clouds where it would condense and fall again, Benneke said.
Without a real surface, so to speak, landing on the planet would also be nearly impossible to land on, especially because the gas is so thick and has such an incredibly high pressure that any Earth-created spacecraft sent there would be destroyed.
“There are millions of bars of pressure, it would just be crushed and squeezed,” Benneke said.
The birth of K2-18 b?
Benneke suggests that, possibly, this planet formed by rock accreting immense amounts of gas, “like a vacuum cleaner,” he said. This gas accretion would have more than doubled the planet’s radius and increased its volume eightfold. (Today, for comparison, K2-18 b is about nine times as massive as Earth and about twice as large.)
To come to these conclusions, the research team analyzed data from Hubble Space Telescope observations that they made between 2016 and 2017 of the K2-18 b planet passing in front of its star eight times. This technique allows scientists to detect distinct signatures of molecules like water in a planet’s atmosphere.
This team plans to expand this research even further by studying K2-18 b with NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, which is set to launch in 2021.
This type of research, Benneke said, is leading toward a final goal of “being able to study real, true Earth-like planets.”
“We are not quite there yet,” he said, but “this is really exciting.”
Even though I have travelled beyond Manali in the past somehow I never got a chance to explore this otherwise touristy destination. And, when I did my research Jogini fall trek took the top spot in the list because of its proximity and the adventure on the way. I have to admit, this medium-difficult trek of almost 2 hrs each side on an unladen path was worth the experience. Surprisingly I haven’t heard any of my friends doing this trek. No wonder this spot was secluded when I reached there. Would definitely recommend fellow travelers to attempt this trek.
Jogini Waterfall Overview
Jogini Waterfall is located in the beautiful Valley of Manali, about 3 kilometres away from the bustling town and around 2 kilometres away from the famous Vashisht Temple. What makes it a popular tourist spot is the trek from Vashisht Temple, through pine trees and orchards, to the mesmerising Jogini Waterfalls cascading from a height of 160 feet. The trekkers are enchanted as they cross several smaller streams with a dazzling view of River Beas and the snow-dusted peaks of Rohtang. A complete treat for nature lovers and adventure seekers, the Jogini Waterfall must be visited when exploring the breathtaking valley of Manali.It takes about 3 hours to climb to the Jogini Waterfall, so make sure to carry a camera to capture the mind stirring beauty of the location. If you want to take a pit stop, there are restaurants on the route serving local snacks with a piping hot cup of Chai. The captivating waterfall is considered as one of the most romantic attractions in Manali, thronged by couples. However, the region is also famous for adventure and recreational activities and is a favourite picnic spot among tourists. Just pack your essentials, wear your trekking gear and get going!
How To Reach Jogini Waterfalls Trek?
The trek basically starts from Vashist Temple and from there the falls is only 04 kms / 06 hours of walk to and fro.
Reach Vashisht Temple
Ask locals for the route
Enroute you will find tattoo houses and yoga centres
Follow the billboards
And finally you will reach Jogini falls
First, reach the famous Vashisht temple which is kind of a landmark in Manali. From there, you can ask any local out there about the route. They will guide you the route of the falls. Follow the path, which will lead you to a small village with Himachali home on either side. You will also cross some tattoo shops and Yoga centres as well. As soon as you cross the village, follow the billboards directing towards the Jogini falls. Enroute you will also fine some zip lining spots with alpine forest on one size and the Beas river on your other side.
Soon after some time, you will hear the roar of the falls.
Note: It’s a 04 kms hike from Vashisht Temple. However, the duration of the hike may varies from 04 to 06 hrs depending on your fitness level.
The route to Jogini falls can be termed an easy level trek. Allthough, from the base point there is another route that you may take to reach the pinnacle of the falls. But this one is a little bit risky and tough as well.
Here, to reach the top of the falls, you will have to climb slippery rock with the waterfall on one side and gorge on another. It may take an hour or two to reach there. It’s a little bit tough for many and risky but an experience to have.
Suggestion: Would suggest you to hire a guide for this. Charges may vary between 200 to 400 INR per head.
Q: What is the best time or season to visit Jogini falls in Manali?
Ans: The best time to visit there is between February to May and between September to Nobvember.
Q: Can you provide me any tips for this one day trek in Manali?
Ans: There are certain things which you need to keep in mind before commencing for the hike:
Start your hike as early as possible
The hike is easy till you reach the base of the falls after that till the pinnacle of the falls is a little hard
There is only one eatery shop for all your tea and magi needs. So don’t miss it.
Wear appropriate hiking gears
Keep water bottles with you
If getting dark while returning, you can halt at the guesthouses on the route.
Q: Things to carry for this small trek?
Ans: There is nothing much that you need to carry but as many asks will suggest you some:
A valid id proof
Comfortable clothes for the trek
A good hiking shoes
A poncho to avoid getting wet in rain
A pair of extra clothes if you want to have a dip in the falls
Medication if needed
So here is a detailed guide on Jogini Waterfalls Trek.
If you have any other questions you can comment below.
Fifty years ago, NASA published a catalog of lunar phenomena based on the observations of early astronomers dating back to the 15th century. Even after vetting the reports and qualifying their accuracy with secondary sources, NASA found records of bizarre sightings on the dark side of the moon, including flickering spots, bright flashes, and moving lights. What could account for these strange observations?
It’s debatable who first conceived of the telescope, though it’s widely accepted that it was first invented at the start of the 1600s. And while the first models were rudimentary, three-lens spyglasses, the technology quickly progressed over the following decades thanks to the work of Galileo and Kepler.
By adding a combination of convex lenses, the two were able to drastically increase the magnification capability of early telescopes, allowing observation of the cosmos like never before. It’s also evident from his notes that Galileo was able to view Jupiter’s moons, meaning he must have had a pretty clear view of our lunar surface.
Reading through the NASA archive, notices odd entries in the 1600s beginning with a “bright starlike point,” recorded by several New Englanders observing the dark side of the moon.
Nearly a century later, Bianchini reports a “track of ruddy light, like a beam, crossing the middle of the obscure (shadowed) area (crater in darkness),” while observing the Plato crater in the Monte Alpes mountain range.
Another report cites “Four bright spots. Peculiar behavior of terminator” (the terminator is where the dark side of the moon meets the bright side).
Nearing the 1800s, Piazzi reports “Bright spots on dark side, seen during five different lunations.” And in 1821, Gruithuisen says he saw “brilliant flashing spots,” on the dark side.
Some explain these strange lights as the product of solar flares or coronal mass ejections, which produce sparks in the shadowy regions of the lunar surface. These sparks are said to be as impactful as a meteorite strike, allegedly creating the observed flashes.
But in the records there appear to be certain areas with recurring illuminations, particularly around the Aristarchus crater. “Blinking lights” on the dark side, a “mingling of all kinds of colors in small spots,” and a “starlike light” persist over hundreds of years, even during eclipses.
NASA makes brief mention of these dark side observations, saying they appear frequently in earlier observations, and writing them off as a lack of light gathering power from telescopes of the time.
But telescopes became more sophisticated over those centuries, especially during the 19th century when lenses were increasingly larger and more refined. By this period, astronomy was far enough advanced that dismissing these observations as primitive would be insulting.
And the strange lights observed around Aristarchus are continually observed in varying colors, even by NASA’s own observations from astronomers at the Goddard Space Flight Center. Explanations for these colored bands of light vary from high albedo – a measure of reflectivity of a surface – to a seepage of radioactive gas.
But for those wary of NASA’s endless supply of inadequate justifications, these observations add to a growing list of strange phenomena and apparent obfuscation of what may really be there. Should we continue to believe NASA’s mundane explanations?
Who were the Anunnaki and why do we care? The short answer is: The Anunnaki were the deity pantheon of the ancient Sumerians. And interest in the Sumerian culture has been active and persistent since it was discovered in the 19th century — for several reasons.
Who were the Sumerians?
The Sumerians appear on the archaeological record beginning around 4,500 BCE. Located in present-day Iraq, the region, a.k.a. Mesopotamia has long been referred to as “the cradle of civilization.” Sumer was a handful of city-states initially ruled by priests, each organized around a city and temple now called a “ziggurat.” The ziggurats, dedicated to Anunnaki worship, were layered pyramids with flat tops. These communities were considered to be “servant-slave” populations dedicated to serving the temple gods, the Anunnaki. Over time, priesthood rulership gave way to kings.
The Sumerians were skilled trade merchants and acquired lapis lazuli from Afghanistan, cedar from Lebanon, and gold from the Indus Valley. Their agrarian culture gave us the plow as well as “time” — the 24-hour day and 60-minute hour.
Sumerian history is gleaned from archaeological and geologic evidence — written records are in the form of cuneiform tablets. Reportedly, some half-million tablets have been recovered, but only a small number have been translated. Much was also learned from translations of Babylonian records; Sumer was considered “ancient” in Babylonian times.
Sumerians worshiped the Anunnaki, said to be the children of earth and sky; An, the sky god, and Ki, the earth goddess. Chief among them was Enlil, the god of air. This pantheon was passed to the Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian cultures. The Epic of Gilgamesh, the story of the historical king of Sumerian city-state Urek, is an ancient literary relic of Sumerian culture.
Above is the mainstream “narrative” regarding the Anunnaki — others have drawn different conclusions based on archaeological evidence, analysis of Sumerian mythology, and translations of cuneiform tablets.
The Flipside of the Annunaki Story
Author Michael Cremo (“Forbidden Archaeology”) has researched the history of archaeology for 40-plus years, documenting findings that have been excluded from mainstream, academic archaeology; findings that would disrupt the widely accepted story of human origins.
Cremo, along with author Zecharia Sitchin, Erich von Däniken (author, “Chariots of the Gods”), author and researcher Michael Tellinger, and several others, makes compelling arguments that the Anunnaki were, in fact, off-world beings posing as “gods.” This theory also asserts that these “sky” gods genetically engineered the human race a slave species, which may account for weak links in the evolutionary story. These theories gave birth to the “ancient astronaut” hypothesis asserting that off-world beings have been posing as gods to influence human affairs for millennia.
Many believe that the Annunaki extracted massive amounts of gold using human labor — this is derived from multiple discoveries of ancient mining tunnels in South Africa, as well as relics and links to the Sumerians. “No one knows why they wanted gold, no one knows how much was taken,” said Tellinger. He added that the Annunaki introduced the concepts of money, finance, and debt to human societies.
A theory that these beings originated from “Nibiru,” a.k.a. “Planet X” has been added to alternate Anunnaki narratives, as well as the likelihood of the off-world gods bringing advanced technologies that account for sophisticated megastructures such as the pyramids or Stonehenge. Out-of-place artifacts and tool discoveries contribute to these premises. The Sumerians are also known for sophisticated astronomical and mathematical knowledge, speculated to have passed from the Annunaki.
Annunaki god Enki
While no lists of the Annunaki pantheon exist, it is known that each Sumerian city-state had its own Annunaki god/overseer assigned by senior Annunaki Marduk.
Some, perhaps inspired by Theosophical Society founder Helena Blavatsky’s book “The Secret Doctrine,” assert that the Annunaki are/were a reptilian race that survives to this day, deeply entrenched in human affairs. In her book, Blavatsky wrote of “dragon men” who influenced the lost Lemurian civilization.
David Icke has been on the disclosure/conspiracy lecture circuit since 1999 — he accurately reported that U.K. TV and radio star Jimmy Savile was a rampant pedophile, proven true after Savile’s death in 2011.
Icke believes the imposter Anunnaki gods continue to manipulate humanity from seats of political, corporate, and financial power worldwide. He explains that these beings not only exploit humans but feed off collective fear; Icke calls for a disconnect from mainstream media and Orwellian entrainment that triggers fear and anxiety — an aggregate hypnotic state.
Many share Icke’s view. On the surface, the Anunnaki/Reptilian narrative appears to be a completely unbelievable hypothesis. But follow the breadcrumbs for a fascinating story reaching from ancient times to modern, and draw your own conclusions
Throughout history, our ancestors have relied on numerous herbs and spices, not only for cooking but for their powerful healing properties. Few have survived the test of time quite like turmeric, arguably the most well-studied dietary supplement in modern natural medicine.
Turmeric root powder originates from the Curcuma longa plant, a species of ginger native to Southeast Asia. The curcuminoids within it have potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity with a wide variety of uses and benefits and very few side effects.
The best turmeric supplements have a combination of curcumin and black pepper (piperine) to enhance absorption and maximize efficacy. But what are the health benefits of turmeric and curcumin?
1) Helps Arthritis & Joint Pain
One of the most common uses for turmeric is combating the discomfort from joint pain and arthritis. Severe arthritic symptoms include limited range of motion, joint stiffness, excessive swelling, and lack of mobility. These symptoms can get worse over time, causing permanent damage if left untreated.
Research shows that curcumin inhibits many of the mediators of inflammation linked to rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and osteoarthritis development. Turmeric consistently reduces arthritis symptomology and may serve as an excellent complementary treatment for joint pain.
2) Reduces Chronic Inflammation
Inflammation is the body’s immune system responding to irritants or threats. Inflamed areas often swell up, turn red, or become painful. While this is a healthy and normal bodily reaction, sometimes the immune system goes awry. If inflammation becomes chronic, it can lead to significant health problems.
Many trials have demonstrated curcumin’s anti-inflammatory properties through its inhibition of key inflammatory markers in the body. Turmeric’s antioxidant activity also helps reduce oxidative stress, a process linked to low-grade inflammation.
Often, chronic back pain derives from underlying issues, including sciatica, herniated disks, or spinal problems. While turmeric is not a direct cure for these conditions, it has shown potential in managing upper and lower back pain by targeting inflammation and reducing free radical damage.
3) Aids Weight Loss
Obesity can lead to several different health issues, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and others. If you’re an otherwise healthy individual, weight loss can be pretty straight forward. However, if you have a pre-existing metabolic disorder, things can be a bit more complicated.
Several trials have shown that curcumin benefits metabolic disorders by helping stabilize metabolism and managing weight. Turmeric increases insulin sensitivity, regulates lipid metabolism, and targets fat by suppressing multiple processes responsible for the growth of adipose tissue.
4) Improves Skin Health
Our skin is the all-important, outermost protective layer of our body. Skin keeps us safe from harmful microbes and regulates our internal body temperature. At times, unwanted skin conditions may arise that require treatment such as chronic acne, eczema, and psoriasis.
Many DIYers use turmeric to create face masks, pastes, and other topical solutions to heal the skin. Researchers have confirmed that curcumin reduces oxidative stress associated with inflammatory skin conditions. Turmeric also enhances collagen synthesis and significantly speeds up tissue repair.
5) Natural Blood Thinner
Blood clots occur when blood cells called platelets, move to a damage site to plug the wounded area. This occurrence is a normal bodily function. Without clotting, small papercuts would become catastrophic. At times, certain health conditions arise that require blood thinning to prevent blockages.
Curcumin supplements have shown potential as an anticoagulant (blood thinner) under certain conditions. Turmeric impacts several stages of the coagulation process, including thrombosis (local blood clotting), and hemostasis (stopping blood flow). However, more human trials should be done to confirm efficacy.
6) Helps Fight Disease & Chronic Conditions
The potent antioxidant properties may be one of the most significant turmeric benefits. Curcumin has shown an innate ability to boost immune system function and protect against disease by directly inhibiting free radical cell damage and reducing oxidative stress. Turmeric can help with the following:
Researchers have performed numerous trials on turmeric’s potential to serve as a complementary treatment in cancer patients. They’ve found that curcumin can selectively target cancer cells and inhibit tumor initiation and growth. Turmeric also helps reduce inflammation and pain from chemotherapy.
If you’re attempting to lower your blood sugar or prevent diabetes, turmeric may be able to help. Several trials have demonstrated curcumin’s potential in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Curcumin appears to have both an insulin-sensitizing and glucose-lowering effect while improving glycemic regulation.
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
Stabilizing blood pressure and preventing hypertension is one of the most common uses of turmeric. It won’t be able to overcome poor lifestyle choices that lead to high blood pressure. However, curcumin has shown an ability to improve vascular endothelial function, a modulator of blood pressure that declines with age.
Alzheimer’s & Dementia
Research shows that an oral turmeric supplement may be one of the best ways to prevent dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Curcuminoids can help reduce beta-amyloid plaque buildup on the brain and reduce neuroinflammation, two of the key biomarkers linked to Alzheimer’s development.
Under certain conditions, clinical trials have concluded that turmeric can help lower triglycerides and cholesterol levels. Current evidence suggests curcumin may be beneficial if you are obese, have metabolic syndrome, diabetes, or another chronic condition affecting your blood lipid profile.
We know the primary turmeric health benefits include its antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activity. Current evidence suggests curcumin also contains antifungal properties. Multiple tests concluded that turmeric could reduce candida overgrowth and target fungal infections with moderate success.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
With new research emerging indicating that IBS patients frequently see an increase in the body’s inflammatory response, we now have a new treatment target. Curcumin has shown potential in reducing IBS severity and limiting symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, and constipation.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease may develop due to continuing inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. Curcumin has shown significant potential in treating IBD by inhibiting the upregulation of pro-inflammatory markers linked to chronic and relapsing GI tract problems.
Fibromyalgia & Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
At this time, there is no identified cure for fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome, but there are ample ways to control symptoms and flare-ups. Researchers have evidence to suggest that turmeric may help reduce widespread musculoskeletal pain by inhibiting inflammatory pathways and reducing oxidative stress.
Parkinson’s is a neurodegenerative condition in elderly populations characterized by motor symptoms, including tremors, muscle rigidity, and postural instability. Curcumin shows significant neuroprotective benefits, helping reduce neurotoxicity and oxidative stress linked to disease progression.
7) Enhances Brain Function
Improving overall mental health and cognitive function is one of the most popular turmeric uses. Research shows curcumin enhances DHA synthesis which is critical for brain health. Antioxidants can also improve cognition and increase neuroplasticity, the brain’s capacity to create new synaptic connections.
Reduces Anxiety & Depression
Several clinical trials have shown that turmeric can influence neurotransmitter balance in the brain. Curcumin appears to have an antidepressant and anxiolytic effect through its ability to modulate levels of serotonin and dopamine. Thus, it may be a good complementary treatment for depression.
8) Improves Allergies & Asthma
An allergy transpires when the immune system mistakenly identifies a foreign substance as harmful to the body and overreacts to it. During an allergic reaction, we produce antibodies that respond to these allergens, ultimately leading to an unwanted collection of symptoms (coughing, sneezing, itching, etc.).
The anti-inflammatory activity of turmeric can help fight off many allergy-related symptoms and decrease the likelihood of asthma attacks. Current research suggests a curcumin supplement can reduce signs of sneezing, nasal congestion, and runny nose linked to restricted nasal airflow and hay fever.
9) Aids in Liver Detoxification
A liver detox, also known as a cleanse, involves the removal of toxins from the blood and the metabolizing of nutrients to ensure our body gets what it needs. Think of the liver as the body’s central filtration system. A healthy liver is paramount to optimal physical and mental health.
Several trials have demonstrated curcumin’s ability to limit the damage done to the liver from harmful substances by interrupting inflammatory pathways. Turmeric also stimulates bile production and release from the gallbladder, helping eliminate unwanted waste from the body.
10) Helps Headaches & Migraines
Headaches and migraines are tremendously difficult to handle. The immense pain and discomfort can arise from many factors including stress, fatigue, insufficient sleep, inflammation, poor posture, neck tension, and several other causes.
The benefits of curcumin that have shown the most potential in treating headaches and migraines are its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. The exact mechanisms are unknown, but it appears that turmeric can reduce pain linked to inflammation, and directly inhibit oxidative stress in the body.
Final Thoughts on Health Benefits of Turmeric Curcumin
If you’re wondering “what is turmeric good for,” the answer is almost everything. It’s important to note; turmeric supplements are not a cure for diseases or chronic conditions. But, the unique medicinal properties of curcumin have shown significant health benefits and uses in modern natural medicine.
In nearly every study, turmeric root has demonstrated that it’s both effective, well-tolerated at higher dosages, and void of adverse side effects. If you’re considering adding turmeric and curcumin to your regimen, always consult with a doctor or primary care physician, first. It’s vital to make sure that any dietary supplement you’re taking does not conflict with any pre-existing medications.
How much turmeric should you take a day?
Popular turmeric supplements often contain a mixture of 150-250 mg of curcumin per serving, with the rest of the capsule filled with turmeric root powder. Any product within this dosing range should be acceptable for daily use.
Is turmeric safe to take daily?
Turmeric and its constituent curcumin are LIKELY SAFE through oral supplementation or when applied as a topical to the skin for up to 8 months. When used as an enema or as a mouthwash, turmeric is POSSIBLY SAFE for short-term use.
Can turmeric be harmful?
Turmeric is both safe and well-tolerated at high dosages. Studies have used up to 8,000 mg of curcumin per day without any treatment-related side effects or toxicity to report. Although, this dosage is both excessive and impractical for daily use.
What are the side effects of turmeric?
Turmeric side effects are very mild and rare under standard dosages. With substantial long-term doses, adverse reactions may include a skin rash, headaches, and nausea, gallbladder problems, kidney stones, digestive issues, or problems with blood sugar and blood clotting.
What medications should not be taken with turmeric?
Avoid turmeric if you’re taking anticoagulants (blood thinners) such as aspirin, ibuprofen, diclofenac, naproxen, dalteparin, enoxaparin, heparin, warfarin, and others. Also avoid if you’re taking diabetes medication.
Gooseberries are small, nutritious fruits that offer many health benefits.
The fruits of the gooseberry bush are small, weighing around 0.1–0.2 ounces (3–6 grams) each. They vary in color and can be green, yellow-white, pink, red, or dark purple. Their flavor ranges from tart to sweet (1).
Here are 8 reasons why gooseberries are a great addition to a healthy diet.
Gooseberries are low in calories and fat, yet packed with nutrients.
Just 1 cup (150 grams) of gooseberries contains (2, 3):
Protein: 1 gram
Fat: less than 1 gram
Carbs: 15 grams
Fiber: 7 grams
Vitamin C: 46% of the Daily Value (DV)
Vitamin B5: 9% of the DV
Vitamin B6: 7% of the DV
Copper: 12% of the DV
Manganese: 9% of the DV
Potassium: 6% of the DV
Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant and vital to your nervous system, immune system, and skin. Vitamin B5 is necessary for creating fatty acids, while vitamin B6, which many enzymes and cells in your body need to function, helps convert food into energy (4Trusted Source, 5, 6, 7).
Copper is important for your heart, blood vessels, immune system, and brain. Meanwhile, manganese supports metabolism, bone formation, reproduction, and immune response, whereas potassium is essential for normal cell function (8Trusted Source, 9Trusted Source, 10Trusted Source).
SUMMARY : Gooseberries are low in calories and fat but rich in dietary fiber, copper, manganese, potassium, and vitamins C, B5, and B6.
Gooseberries are high in fiber yet low in energy, meaning you can eat a decent portion without consuming too many calories.
In fact, eating 1 cup (150 grams) of gooseberries contributes just over 3% of the average person’s total daily calorie needs, making them a nutritious, low-calorie snack (2).
In addition, research shows that eating berries may aid weight loss and help you eat fewer calories overall.
For example, one small study found that those who ate berries as a snack consumed 130 fewer calories at their next meal, compared with those who ate the same number of calories from sweets.
Furthermore, gooseberries are a great source of soluble and insoluble dietary fiber.
One cup (150 grams) of gooseberries provides 26% of the DV of fiber, making it a great way to boost your intake (2, 3).
Insoluble fiber helps add bulk to your stool and improves consistency, whereas soluble fiber helps slow the movement of food in your gut, which can reduce hunger and increase feelings of fullness.
Additionally, dietary fiber from fruit can help control your blood sugar levels and reduce blood pressure, cholesterol, and your risk of chronic conditions, including certain cancers, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity.
SUMMARY: Gooseberries are low in calories and high in fiber, which helps protect against obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and some types of cancer.
Antioxidants are compounds that help fight the effects of free radicals. These are reactive molecules that cause cellular damage and lead to a process known as oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is associated with many diseases and premature aging.
Diets rich in antioxidants are thought to reduce your risk of certain types of cancer, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, aging, and protect your brain from degenerative disease.
Gooseberries are an excellent source of antioxidants, including vitamin C, small amounts of vitamin E, and phytonutrients.
Plants produce phytonutrients to keep healthy and protect against sun damage and insects.
Some of the phytonutrients in gooseberries include:
Flavonols. These are linked to heart health and may have stroke-reducing, cancer-fighting, and antiviral effects. The main types in gooseberries are quercetin, myricetin, kaempferol, and isorhamnetin.
Anthocyanins. These compounds are the colored pigments in fruit, and they’re associated with eye and urinary tract health, improved memory, healthy aging, and a lower risk of some cancers.
Aromatic acids. In gooseberries, these include caffeic, chlorogenic, coumaric, hydroxybenzoic, and ellagic acid.
Organic acids. They’re responsible for the tart taste of fruit and may reduce your risk of stroke and Alzheimer’s disease.
SUMMARY: Gooseberries are rich in antioxidants, such as phytonutrients, and vitamins E and C, which may help protect your brain and fight aging, type 2 diabetes, cancer, and heart disease.
First, they’re high in fiber, which slows the absorption of sugar into your bloodstream, preventing spikes in blood sugar levels.
Furthermore, test-tube studies reveal that gooseberry extract is an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor. This means it binds to special enzymes in your small intestine, preventing them from moving sugar from your gut into your bloodstream.
Finally, gooseberries contain chlorogenic acid, which may slow carb absorption and help reduce blood sugar levels after starchy meals.
However, despite promising results, more research on gooseberries’ effect on blood sugar levels is needed.
SUMMARY: Gooseberries are high in fiber and chlorogenic acid, which may help slow or prevent the absorption of sugar into your bloodstream, though more research is required.
Certain degenerative brain diseases are linked to an overload of iron in the cells.
Iron levels that are too high can spur the creation of free radicals, which are molecules that damage your cells. Your brain cells are particularly high in iron, making them more vulnerable to damage.
Gooseberries are a natural source of organic acids, providing 11–14 mg of citric acid in 100 mg of fruit. Citric acid blocks the accumulation of iron in cells and has been found to reduce the risk of diseases like Alzheimer’s and stroke if consumed regularly.
The antioxidants and phytonutrients in gooseberries are also believed to benefit age-related diseases of the brain and reduce your risk of stroke. Still, more research is needed.
SUMMARYGooseberries are rich in citric acid, phenols, and antioxidants, which are linked to a reduced risk of age-related brain diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and stroke.
For maximum health benefits, it’s best to enjoy gooseberries raw.
Their flavor ranges from quite sour to relatively sweet, a little bit like slightly underripe grapes. The riper the fruit, the sweeter it becomes.
Some gooseberries are very tart, so if you want to eat them fresh look for sweeter varieties, such as Whinham’s Industry, Captivator, or Martlet.
Before eating the berries, you should wash and prepare them. Most people prefer to chop the very bottom and top off the berry, as it can taste a little woody.
Once prepared, you can eat gooseberries as a healthy snack on their own. Alternatively, add them to a fruit salad, use them as a topping on cereal or yogurt, or mix them into a fresh summer salad.
Gooseberries are also used in cooked and baked dishes, such as pies, tarts, chutneys, compote, jams, and cordial. However, keep in mind that these dishes often contain sugar, and cooking destroys a lot of the antioxidants and beneficial phytonutrients.
SUMMARY: Gooseberries are best enjoyed fresh and can be eaten on their own or added to cereal, yogurt, salads, or a variety of other dishes. Cooked gooseberries may not have the same health benefits, as some of the nutrients will be destroyed.
Chopta is a small settlement and valley that is located in Uttarakhand, which is very popular among tourists, mainly because of the number of options it provides for exploring, adventure buffs and trekking enthusiasts. The entire region is a haven of beauty, specially for the ones who are looking for a good place to relax, without the hustle and bustle of a typical tourist hotspot. One can visit Chopta valley and gaze in awe at the many peaks located a short distance away from the valley.
Chopta is also a base for trekking to Tungnath, third temple of Panch Kedar, which lies 3.5 kilometres uphill.
This unspoiled natural destination lying in the lap of Himalayas, offers vistas of the imposing Himalayan range including Trishul, Nanda Devi and Chaukhamba. It is located at an elevation of 2,680 metres (8,790 ft) above sea level. Chopta village is surrounded by forests of pine, deodar and rhododendron and is rich in flora and fauna include rare species of birds and musk deer. Chopta also popularly known as ‘Mini Switzerland’ of India, lies 29 km from Ukhimath and 162 kms from Rishikesh on the road from Gopeshwar to Guptkashi.
The Chopta – Tungnath – Chandrashila trek is a famous destinations for trekkers. The Chopta region has many treks and trails cutting through jungles and grasslands. Chandrashilla, Tunganath and Devariyatal are the best known trekking routes in the Chopta region. Because of an abundance of birds, Chopta is becoming popular among birdwatchers.
Some activities in Chopta are:
Camping and trekking, yoga, survival activity Snow trekking, snow skiing Rock craft, rock climbing, rappelling Photography of rare himalayan species of monal bird, musk deer and Pika Mouse
During your trip to Chopta valley, a trek to the nearby region of Deoria Tal (which is a very famous lake surrounded entirely by forests on all sides) can be taken.
State: Uttarakhand District: Rudraprayag Famous for/as: Hill Station Languages: Garhwali, Kumaoni, Hindi Best Season: Apr – Jun, Sep – Nov Weather: Summer 15 to 24°C, Winter: -15 to 5°C Altitude: 2900 m Pincode: 246442 STD code: 01364
Peace comes with a price tag nowadays. Besides the fact that the forest officer charged me to use the camera here, I had to ditch my sleep and start the trek in the wee hours to avoid a crowded place surrounded by fellow trekkers. Glad I made that choice. I had few hours of solace and the memory of a lifetime. That’s Chaukhamba peak as seen from Deoria Tal. . . My labor of love is up for your consumption 😉
Deoria Tal (also Devaria’ or ‘Deoriya) is a lake about 3 km (1.9 mi) from the villages of Mastura and Sari on the Ukhimath–Chopta road in Uttarakhand. At an altitude of 2,438 meters (7,999 ft), it has heavily wooded, lush green surroundings with snow-covered mountains (Chaukhamba is one of them) in the backdrop.
Jeeps are available from Ukhimath to reach Sari, a nearby village, via Mastura village. For return journey, one can go down trekking to Mastura to get a shared jeep.
Alternately, one can trek 7 km (4.3 mi) to Deoria Tal from Ukhimath. Even though, trekkers are no longer allowed to camp at the famous Deoriatal , there are options of jungle trekking,videography, etc. There are a couple of shops that sell tea and snacks, but these close at sundown. Trekkers usually combine this trek with the nearby trek to Tungnath (the highest Hindu shrine devoted to Lord Shiva) and Chandrashila, which are approached from Chopta.
The lake is known for its wide 300° panorama. Mountains like Chaukhamba, Nilkantha, Bandarpunch, Kedar Range, and Kalanag can be viewed from here. There exists another route from Deoria Tal to Tungnath, which is mainly used for night camping, jungle trekking, etc.